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Flammability and Fire Resistance Lab Testing of Car, Lorry and Passenger Vehicle Interior Textiles and Upholstery

Since the year 2000 the number of vehicles produced worldwide has dramatically increased. China, Japan, Germany and the United States were the highest contributors to this production. Whilst the production of vehicles increases so does the demand for high quality and luxury interiors, however the most common interest amongst all vehicle manufacturers is the required level of fire safety for interior textile materials, upholstery and components used in vehicles. The Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 302 for flammability of interior Materials is one of the most common automotive material fire tests used worldwide. Known in the United States as 49 CFR 571.302, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J369 and the International Organisation (ISO) 3795 are technically equivalent methods of test to the FMVSS 302.

 

Listed below are examples of the type of tests we undertake for manufacturers of vehicle interior upholstery and furnishings

BS EN ISO
BS 53363 Testing of plastic films – Tear test using trapezoidal test specimen with incision BS EN ISO 105-X12 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing
BS 53377 Testing of plastic films – Determination of dimensional stability BS EN ISO 139 Textiles – Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
BS 53504 Testing of rubber – determination of tensile strength at break, tensile stress at yield, elongation at break and stress values in a tensile test BS EN ISO 527 (Teil1- Teil3) Plastics – Determination of tensile properties
BS EN ISO 105-E04 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration BS EN ISO 12947-2 Textiles – Determination of abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method – Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown
BS EN 12127 Textiles – Fabrics – Determination of mass per unit area using small samples BS EN ISO 1518-1 Textiles – Determination of abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method – Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown
BS EN 14494 Leather Chemical tests Determination of the content of pentachlorophenol in leather BS EN ISO 1519 Paints and varnishes – Bend test (cylindrical mandrel)
BS EN 29073 Textiles; test method for nonwovens; part 1: determination of mass per unit areav BS EN ISO 1798 Flexible cellular polymeric materials – Determination of tensile strength and elongation at break
BS EN ISO 105-A02 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour BS EN ISO 3376 Leather – Physical and mechanical tests – Determination of tensile strength and percentage extension
BS EN ISO 105-A05 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part A05: Instrumental assessment of change in colour for determination of grey scale rating BS EN ISO 11640 Leather – Test for colour fastness – Colour fastness to cycles of to-and-fro rubbing
BS EN ISO 105-E04 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration BS EN ISO 12945-2 Textiles – Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling – Part 2: Modified Martindale method
BS EN ISO 105-X05 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part X05: Colour fastness to organic solvents BS EN ISO 13934-1 Textiles – Tensile properties of fabrics – Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method
BS EN ISO 13937-2 Textiles – Tear properties of fabrics – Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (single tear method)
BMW
AA-0419 Staining Behavior and Cleaning Ability of Leather
AA-0546 Universal Scratch Tester
GS 93026-1 Textiles of the vehicle interior Requirements and Testings
GS 97034-1 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Manual abrasion test
GS 97034-5 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Resistance to cleaning agents
GS 97034-6 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Soiling behaviour and cleaning ability
FORD
FLTM BN 024-02 Ford Laboratery Test Method; Flammability Test For Automotive Interior Materials
FLTM BN 024-02EU Ford Laboratery Test Method; Flammability for Automotive Interior Materials
FLTM BN 105-01 Shrinkage Test for Textiles and Artificial Leathers
FLTM BN 105-03 Dimensional Stability of Textile Trim Materials
FLTM BN 108-04 Resistance to Scuffing
GM
GMW 3007TM Determination of Colour Fastness to Artificial Light
GMW 3010 Test Method Materials; Determination of Tensile and Elongation Properties
GMW 3182 Determination of Mass per Area
GMW 3405 Seam Fatigue for Automobile Textiles
GMW 4217 Dimensional Stability
HONDA
HES D 6003-99 Flammability test Method for Automobile interior parts
HYUNDAI/KIA
MS 300-08 Flammability Resistance – Interior Materials
JAGUAR
TPJLR 52.001 Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics
TPJLR 52.058 Adhesive Bond Strength – 90 Degree and 180 Degree Peel Method
TPJLR 52.206 Colour Matching with Artificial Light
TPJLR 52.207 Resistance to Migration Staining Using Multi Fibre Cloth
TPJLR 52.210 Cleanability Test for Interior Trim Materials
TPJLR 52.302 Determination of Elongation and Tension Set
TPJLR 52.351 Resistance to Humidity – General.
TPJLR 52.352v Resistance to Heat Ageing – General
TPJLR 52.414 Seam Fatigue of Interior Trim
TPJLR 52.417 Determination of seam strength of textile trim materials
TPJLR 52.425 Determination of Surface Fibre Deterioration
TPJLR 52.452 Resistance to Curling
SAE
SAE J 369 Flammability of Polymeric Interior Materials – Horizontal Test Method
SAE J 2412 Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Interior Trim Components Using a Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus
TOYOTA
TSM 0500G Flammability test method for interior non metallic materials
VOLKSWAGEN AUDI
TL 526 Soft PVC, Weather-Proof; Material Requirements
TL 1010 Materials for Vehicle Interiors; Burning Behavior; Material Requirements
VOLVO
VCS 1024,2843 Peeling Strength – Laminated Materials
VCS 1024,28439 Peeling Strength; Laminated Materials
VCS 1026,84329 Colour Fastness to Rubbing; Rubber, Plastics and Textiles
VCS 5031, 19 Flammability of Interior Materials

Types of Flammability Testing

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