Flammability and Fire Resistance Lab Testing of Car, Lorry and Passenger Vehicle Interior Textiles and Upholstery

Since the year 2000 the number of vehicles produced worldwide has dramatically increased. China, Japan, Germany and the United States were the highest contributors to this production. Whilst the production of vehicles increases so does the demand for high quality and luxury interiors, however the most common interest amongst all vehicle manufacturers is the required level of fire safety for interior textile materials, upholstery and components used in vehicles.

The Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 302 for flammability of interior Materials is one of the most common automotive material fire tests used worldwide. Known in the United States as 49 CFR 571.302, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J369 and the International Organisation (ISO) 3795 are technically equivalent methods of test to the FMVSS 302.

Learn more about our specialist fire safety tests on commercial and private vehicle interior fittings

IFS Labs provides the Automotive Industry with results they can depend on

Listed below are examples of the type of tests we undertake for manufacturers of vehicle interior upholstery and furnishings

BS EN ISO

BS 53363 Testing of plastic films – Tear test using trapezoidal test specimen with incision

BS 53377 Testing of plastic films – Determination of dimensional stability

BS 53504 Testing of rubber – determination of tensile strength at break, tensile stress at yield, elongation at break and stress values in a tensile test

BS EN ISO 105-E04 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration

BS EN 12127 Textiles – Fabrics – Determination of mass per unit area using small samples

BS EN 14494 Leather Chemical tests Determination of the content of pentachlorophenol in leather

BS EN 29073 Textiles; test method for nonwovens; part 1: determination of mass per unit areav

BS EN ISO 105-A02 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

BS EN ISO 105-A05 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part A05: Instrumental assessment of change in colour for determination of grey scale rating

BS EN ISO 105-E04 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration

BS EN ISO 105-X05 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part X05: Colour fastness to organic solvents

BS EN ISO 105-X12 Textiles – Tests for colour fastness – Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing

BS EN ISO 139 Textiles – Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

BS EN ISO 527 (Teil1- Teil3) Plastics – Determination of tensile properties

BS EN ISO 12947-2 Textiles – Determination of abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method – Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown

BS EN ISO 1518-1 Textiles – Determination of abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method – Part 2: Determination of specimen breakdown

BS EN ISO 1519 Paints and varnishes – Bend test (cylindrical mandrel)

BS EN ISO 1798 Flexible cellular polymeric materials – Determination of tensile strength and elongation at break

BS EN ISO 3376 Leather – Physical and mechanical tests – Determination of tensile strength and percentage extension

BS EN ISO 11640 Leather – Test for colour fastness – Colour fastness to cycles of to-and-fro rubbing

BS EN ISO 12945-2 Textiles – Determination of fabric propensity to surface fuzzing and to pilling – Part 2: Modified Martindale method

BS EN ISO 13934-1 Textiles – Tensile properties of fabrics – Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method

BS EN ISO 13937-2 Textiles – Tear properties of fabrics – Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (single tear method)

JAGUAR

TPJLR 52.001 Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics

TPJLR 52.058 Adhesive Bond Strength – 90 Degree and 180 Degree Peel Method

TPJLR 52.206 Colour Matching with Artificial Light

TPJLR 52.207 Resistance to Migration Staining Using Multi Fibre Cloth

TPJLR 52.210 Cleanability Test for Interior Trim Materials

TPJLR 52.302 Determination of Elongation and Tension Set

TPJLR 52.351 Resistance to Humidity – General.

TPJLR 52.352v Resistance to Heat Ageing – General

TPJLR 52.414 Seam Fatigue of Interior Trim

TPJLR 52.417 Determination of seam strength of textile trim materials

TPJLR 52.425 Determination of Surface Fibre Deterioration

TPJLR 52.452 Resistance to Curling

VOLKSWAGEN AUDI

TL 526 Soft PVC, Weather-Proof; Material Requirements

TL 1010 Materials for Vehicle Interiors; Burning Behavior; Material Requirements

BMW

AA-0419 Staining Behavior and Cleaning Ability of Leather

AA-0546 Universal Scratch Tester

GS 93026-1 Textiles of the vehicle interior Requirements and Testings

GS 97034-1 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Manual abrasion test

GS 97034-5 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Resistance to cleaning agents

GS 97034-6 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials Soiling behaviour and cleaning ability

FORD

FLTM BN 024-02 Ford Laboratery Test Method; Flammability Test For Automotive Interior Materials

FLTM BN 024-02EU Ford Laboratery Test Method; Flammability for Automotive Interior Materials

FLTM BN 105-01 Shrinkage Test for Textiles and Artificial Leathers

FLTM BN 105-03 Dimensional Stability of Textile Trim Materials

FLTM BN 108-04 Resistance to Scuffing

GM

GMW 3007TM Determination of Colour Fastness to Artificial Light

GMW 3010 Test Method Materials; Determination of Tensile and Elongation Properties

GMW 3182 Determination of Mass per Area

GMW 3405 Seam Fatigue for Automobile Textiles

GMW 4217 Dimensional Stability

VOLVO

VCS 1024,2843 Peeling Strength – Laminated Materials

VCS 1024,28439 Peeling Strength; Laminated Materials

VCS 1026,84329 Colour Fastness to Rubbing; Rubber, Plastics and Textiles

VCS 5031, 19 Flammability of Interior Materials

HONDA

HES D 6003-99 Flammability test Method for Automobile interior parts

TOYOTA

TSM 0500G Flammability test method for interior non metallic materials

HYUNDAI/KIA

MS 300-08 Flammability Resistance – Interior Materials

SAE

SAE J 369 Flammability of Polymeric Interior Materials – Horizontal Test Method

SAE J 2412 Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Interior Trim Components Using a Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus